Features and treatment of patellar chondrosis

Features and treatment of patellar chondrosis

Knee chondromalacia is a disease that occurs relatively frequently in young adults and adolescents who play sports. The same is true of the elderly suffering from degenerative diseases such as osteoarthritis.

Features and treatment of patellar chondrosis
is chondromalacia patella permanent

Patellar chondrosis is one of the most common knee diseases. Don’t forget that these joints support most of your body weight, so you can easily get hurtThere are also other risk factors for patellar chondrosis, such as age, overweight, and activity level.

Note that patellar chondrosis is a relatively common disease in young adultsThe incidence is high among those who play soccer, basketball, volleyball, tennis, cycling, karate, rowing, rugby, track and field, and ballet. Mountaineers are also very susceptible to patellar chondrosis.

There is debate surrounding the use of the term patellar chondrosis. The first word means softening of the knee cartilage. However, it has begun to be used to diagnose anyone who has pain in the knee joint.

Currently, the scientific community thinks it is more accurate to say that it is a patellar femoral syndrome rather than patellar malacia if the exact cause of knee pain cannot be determinedHowever, these terms are medically acceptable.

What is patellar chondrosis?

What is patellar chondrosis?
is chondrosis the same as chondromalacia

The patella is a flat bone in front of the knee. It connects the femur to the joint, and its main function is to protect and promote the movement of the joint. Patellar chondrosis is a degenerative disease that affects the articular cartilage of the patella.

When these diseases occur, the bones are directly exposed to friction due to joint movement. Most of them are caused by softening of the cartilage and cause pain in the front of the knee.

Cartilage acts as a shock absorber in the joint. It consists of 90% water and 10% cells. This makes it possible to withstand impact energy. This is because the cartilage caused a change in the structure of the patellar chondrosisTherefore, it is not smooth but is rough and greyish.

Cartilage becomes thinner and irregular. Sometimes it cracks or breaks. In this case, you may hear a click or other sound from your knees when performing some movementsSevere pain also occurs.

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Cause of the problem

The main cause of patellar chondrosis is recurrent knee trauma. In other words, repeated movements put pressure on the cartilage. This is why athletes are more exposed to patellar chondrosis.

Likewise, the problem may be caused by the following factors.

  • Anatomical problems with misaligned knee or incorrect patella position
  • A strong blow to the knee when falling with a bent knee or hitting an object
  • Improper running due to foot or leg abnormalities or wearing high heels
  • A history of dislocation or fracture of the knee
  • Overweight
  • Muscle atrophy or muscle weakness
  • The difference in leg length
  • Pronounced flexion of the spine

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Features of patellar chondrosis

Features of patellar chondrosis
what is the best treatment for chondromalacia patella

In particular, joint pain during physical activity is a major symptom of patellar chondrosis.

Usually, pain occurs during physical activityThe pain worsens when the patient runs on a hard surface or goes up and downstairsYou also experience stiffness when you maintain a position where you have to keep your knees bent for a long time.

When the knee is bent, it is common to make a click sound characteristic of patellar chondrosis Over time, these abnormalities affect the strength and walking of the leg muscles.

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The severity of the patellar chondrosis varies according to the progression.

  • Grade 1: The cartilage becomes soft and swelling occurs.
  • Level 2: Diagnostic imaging confirms that the cartilage has fibrous spasms and has worn areas.
  • Grade 3: Cartilage cracks, some of which are distinct and reach the deepest layers.
  • Grade 4: An ulcer develops. The state of the third degree becomes more obvious and worse.
  • Grade 5: Dentinization, that is, a pathological increase in cartilage density occurs. Problems with subchondral bone eventually occur due to the effects of severe ulcers.

To manage these diseases, the most common conservative treatments are applied first. If no results are found, surgery is required.