What are the causes of back pain?

What are the causes of back pain?

Back or lower back pain is an unpleasant problem. And in more severe cases, it can be paralyzed until it is resolved. Posture while working or exercising is often the cause of back pain, but not the only one.

The causes of back pain or low back pain may vary, but this irritation is always related to the structure of the muscles and spine. It can also be the reason why people do not go to the doctor or work.

In this case, the pain occurs in the lower back, and almost everyone experiences this pain once in a lifetime. Most cases are diagnosed with good prognosis and are easily resolved by experts, but 15% of cases of low back pain become chronic.

In this article, we will describe the most common causes of back pain. You can also prevent back pain, and we discuss some simple steps to prevent this situation.

What are the causes of back pain?

As we have already mentioned, low back pain is low back pain. This annoyance can spread and reach the limbs. And it is a common disease that can affect people of all ages.

According to a study by the Center for Medical-Surgical Examinations, back pain affects 60-90% of the general public. Of these, 80% are acute and the rest are acute.

The disease has several characteristics. For example, the pain usually worsens when the sufferer bends down or tries to lift something. This disease can also spread. It does not touch the legs but touches the hip. In some cases, lower back pain is associated with sciatica. It is a pathology that hurts like a nerve strain. In this case, it is common for pain to reach the lower extremities.

The cause of back pain is usually associated with a problem with the functioning of the spine. <Costa Rica and Central America Journal of Medicine (Costa Rica and Central, American the Medical in Journal According to the revised article publication)> over, experts say that factors such as age, gender, genetics, sports and occupation are can influence its development. the issue I confirm.

What are the causes of back pain?

Back pain can affect people of all ages for a variety of reasons.

Physical overwork

Miguel Hernandez University (University of Miguel Hernandez, according to the study), excessive exercise is one of the most common causes of back pain. Here we are talking about all kinds of sports activities that put a sudden living room in the back.
For example, unknown strength training or fitness in the body, but sudden movements in a way that damages the ligaments of the spine.
However, exercise is not the only cause of back painAutonomous Metropolitan University  (Autonomous Metropolitan University, as evidenced by a study conducted in), it is important to emphasize that this attempt is common in the workplace due to back pain.

The disk is damaged

The intervertebral disc serves as buffer invertebrates. This means it can help alleviate shock. It is formed by cartilage tissue and, like all other parts of the body, is prone to ageing.

This means that as we age, it becomes more common for these discs to break. And when that happens, it releases chemicals that irritate the nerves, causing inflammation or pain.

The hernia is another pathology associated with low back pain and sciatica. This is when the centre of the disc protrudes and protrudes through the spine. When this happens, it puts pressure on the nerves that pass through it.

Damage to the intervertebral disc
Above, we noticed that disc cartilage tissue begins to lose ageing, reducing the ability to mitigate the impact. When this happens, the thorns can collide with each other and cause stiffness and back pain.
The problem here is that disc damage can exacerbate other spinal disorders such as spinal stenosis or vertebral osteoarthritis.

Degenerative spondylolisthesis

Degenerative spondylolisthesis is a phenomenon in which the accumulation of the spine at the top of another spine is abnormal as if it had slipped. Thus, in this case, when the bones in the spine move, the pressure is applied to the nerves, causing pain and immobilization.


As explained at the University of Navarre’s Medical Center (la Clínica de la Universidad de Navarra), degenerative spondylolisthesis occurs when the tissue that stabilizes the spinal cord is damaged. It can be a ligament or an intervertebral disc.


But that is not the only reason. Spondylolisthesis can occur after trauma, due to a tumour, or due to some birth defect.

Stenosis of the spinal canal
Spinal canal stenosis is a pathology in which the spinal canal is narrowed. A large number of nerves around pass through this tube. Therefore, the root is pressed and damaged when it contracts.

Recommendations for preventing back pain

Some causes of back pain are preventable, but others are incurable. However, there are a number of simple steps that can improve spinal health.

First of all, it should be emphasized that exercise is one of the most beneficial activities. In particular, moderate exercise that can help strengthen your back muscles is good. However, you should avoid hard movements or use too much weight as the ligaments may break. It is also good to avoid sitting sedentary. To do this, do not stay in the same position for too long. And in terms of preventing back pain at work, experts recommend stretching during breaks and rotation or stretching too much, especially if your weight is working.

Obesity is another factor that can increase your risk of back pain. Losing weight can reduce the pressure on your spine.

What are the causes of back pain?

Weight control is important in preventing back pain caused by obesity.

How to cope with back pain

There are many causes of back pain, and this type of pain is very common. And when an episode happens, there are many things to keep in mind. Best of all, it is always best to ask an expert.

If back pain is involved, experts also recommend avoiding prolonged bed rest. In fact, it is more effective to stay active without being subjected.

Some people experience pain improvement when they apply hot or cold water to the affected area. Hot water usually relieves pain by leaving for a while, and cold compresses are good for reducing inflammation and damage.

One of the most important aspects to keep in mind is that most back pain is associated with poor posture. It is therefore a good starting point to be aware of our thoughts and to try to improve them.

You should try to keep your back straight when working, studying or even resting. When you make any effort, such as lifting or lifting something, experts recommend that you include other body parts such as the legs. This way you can prevent your fatigue from being tense.