Causes and treatment of insomnia

Causes and treatment of insomnia

Insomnia can be caused by several factors, either primary or secondary. Recently, there are a variety of effective ways to treat insomnia.

Are you familiar with the causes and treatments for insomnia? Insomnia occurs when you can’t fall asleep or stay asleepPatients with insomnia wake up and have poor sleep quality, which interferes with their daily life.

Insomnia can be caused by problems falling asleep or making it difficult to stay asleep, or from waking up earlyDepending on how long the problem lasts, it can be classified as follows :

  • Acute insomnia, if the problem lasts less than 4 weeks
  • Subacute insomnia, lasting for 4-6 months
  • Chronic insomnia, lasting more than 6 months

We talk of insomnia when we can’t fall asleep or have a deep sleep, but do we know exactly what sleep is?

What is sleep?

During sleep, you experience different stages of brain activity, even to varying degrees.

Sleep is a physiological condition in the body that is found at the bottom of the brain and is regulated by the pineal gland that produces melatoninBoth the production and emissions of these substances increase at night and decrease during the day. These changes in melatonin concentration play a role in regulating the circadian rhythm of sleep and wakefulness, which adapts to the solar schedule.

Throughout life, sleep, like many other physiological processes in the body, can change in quantity and qualityThese changes can vary depending on age, health, or physiological changes.

During sleep, changes in brain activity and these changes appear in different patterns, along with various electrical waves that can be measured with EEGIn addition, during sleep, you can differentiate between the following two type differentiation activities:

  • Rapid or high-frequency activityAlso known as REM sleep, it is characterized by rapid eye movements.
  • Slow activity: Characterized by low-frequency waves of the EEG.

When we sleep, brief arousal usually occurs when we move from a slow activity phase to a fast activity phase, and vice versa.

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Causes of insomnia

Causes and treatment of insomnia
Causes and treatment of insomnia


Habit changes can seriously affect sleep, impairing your physical and mental performance. 
Insomnia can appear for a variety of reasons and can be classified into primary and secondary causes depending on where it occurs.

What causes insomnia? – Dan Kwartler

Primary cause

The primary cause of maintaining proper sleep hygiene or with some psychological aspects is relatedAmong these causes are physiological changes such as ageing and lifestyle changes. This is because constantly changing schedules can cause changes in the circadian rhythm.

Also among the primary causes are the effects of certain drugsThis is because there are some drugs, such as antihypertensive, anticholinergic, or hormones that can affect sleep.

Secondary cause

Secondary causes are caused by the patient’s condition or environmental factorsDiseases that can cause insomnia disorder include:

Insomnia can also be caused by environmental factors such as excessively high or low temperatures, schedule changes, or travel.

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Symptoms of insomnia

People with insomnia have difficulty falling asleep regularly or wake up frequently.

Symptoms of insomnia are easy to detect. This is because the patient first experiences difficulties with falling asleep or staying asleep.

You can see that you lack sleep throughout the day. You feel tired and your body feels weakAlso, in extreme cases, you may start to feel slow, sensitive, and depressed when processing information.

How to treat insomnia?

It is recommended to follow a series of steps to improve sleep hygiene first prior to medical treatment.

  1. Create a sleep schedule
  2. Limit your sleep time to 7 hours 30 minutes to 8 hours
  3. Avoiding substances that irritate the nervous system
  4. Don’t take a nap
  5. Exercising outside the evening hours as it can give you excessive energy
  6. Avoiding stimulating activities right before bed
  7. Bathing in the water at the same temperature as your body temperature before going to bed
  8. Make a regular meal schedule and don’t overeat right before bed
  9. Doing relaxation exercises before going to bed
  10. Keeping the bedroom at a comfortable temperature

If insomnia cannot be cured by this method, it should be treated with sleeping pills. If you are experiencing insomnia for the first time, consider taking valerian or other relaxants that are not harmful to your body. As always, you should consult your doctor before taking any medication.

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